IMPORTANCE OF COLOMBIAN BIODIVERSITY
It is estimated that Colombia owns 10% of the planet’s biodiversity and about 81 indigenous groups live in the country. It is the first country in richness of bird species (1850 species), amphibians (669 species) and possesses great wealth of mammals (471 species).
SANCTIONS TO ENVIRONMENTAL CRIMES
Law 1453 of 2011
ARTICLE 29: Illicit use of renewable natural resources. The one that in breach of existing regulations is appropriated, introduce, exploit, transport, maintain, traffic, trade, explore, take advantage of or benefit from specimens, products or parts of the faunal, forestry, floristic, hydrobiological, biological or genetic resources of Colombian biodiversity, will be imprisoned for forty-eight (48) to one hundred eight (108) months and fined up to thirty-five thousand (35,000) minimum legal monthly salaries in force.
The penalty will be increased from a third to half, when the species are categorized as threatened, at risk of extinction or of migratory, rare or endemic nature of the Colombian territory.
ARTICLE 30: Border violation for the exploitation or use of natural resources. A foreigner who performs within the national territory an unauthorized act of exploitation, exploitation, exploration or extraction of natural resources, shall incur a prison sentence of sixty-four (64) to one hundred and forty-four months (144) and a fine of one hundred thirty-three points. thirty-three (133.33) to forty-five thousand (45,000) minimum legal salaries in force.
ARTICLE 32: Illicit management of exotic species. Anyone who, in violation of existing regulations, introduces, transplants, manipulates, experiments, inoculates, or propagates exotic, invasive wild species that endanger human health, the environment, species of Colombian biodiversity, will incur a prison of forty and eight (48) to one hundred to eight (108) months and a fine of one hundred thirty-three point thirty-three (133.33) to fifteen thousand (15,000) minimum monthly salaries in force.
ARTICLE 33: Damage to natural resources. Any failure to comply with the existing regulations destroy, render useless, make disappear or in any other way damage the natural resources referred to in this title, or those associated with these, shall be imprisoned for forty-eight (48) to one hundred eight (108) months and a fine of one hundred thirty-three point thirty-three (133.33) to fifteen thousand (15,000) minimum legal monthly salaries in force.
The penalty will be increased by one third to half when:
- Affect natural ecosystems, classified as strategic that are part of the National, Regional and Local System of specially protected areas.
- When the damage is a consequence of the action or omission of those who exercise control and surveillance functions.
ARTICLE 34: Environmental pollution. The one that in breach of the existing regulations, provokes, contaminates or directly or indirectly emits, spills, radiations, noise, deposits or dispositions to the air, the atmosphere or other components of the air space, the soil, the subsoil, the terrestrial waters, maritime or underground or other natural resources, in such a way as to endanger human health or faunal, forestry, floristic or hydrobiological resources, shall incur, without prejudice to the administrative sanctions that may arise, in prison of fifty-five (55 ) to one hundred and twelve (112) months and a fine of one hundred and forty (140) to fifty thousand (50,000) minimum legal monthly salaries in force.
ARTICLE 35: Environmental pollution by hazardous solid waste. Anyone who fails to store, transport or improperly dispose of solid or dangerous waste or debris in such a way as to endanger the quality of water bodies, soil or subsoil will be imprisoned for two (2) nine (9) years and a fine of one hundred thirty-three point thirty-three (133.33) to fifty thousand (50,000) minimum monthly legal salaries in force.
The penalty shall be increased by one-third to one-half when, in the commission of any of the events described in the previous article, human health is endangered.
ARTICLE 38: Illicit fishing activity. Whoever, without the permission of a competent authority or in breach of existing regulations, engages in fishing, commercialization, transportation, or storage of specimens or products of prohibited species or in areas or reserve areas, or in closed seasons, in a prohibited area, or with explosives, a poisonous substance, will incur a prison term of forty-eight (48) to one hundred and eight (108) months and a fine of up to fifty thousand (50,000) minimum legal monthly salaries in force.
Illegal hunting. Anyone who, without the permission of a competent authority or in violation of existing regulations, exceeds the number of pieces allowed, or hunts in a closed season, will be imprisoned from one (1) to three (3) years and fined from twenty (20) to five hundred ( 500) monthly legal minimum wages in force, provided that the conduct does not constitute a crime punishable by a greater penalty.
INTEGRAL MANAGEMENT OF RESIDUES GENERATED
We ratify our commitment to ensure the care of the environment by operating a sustainable tourism.
We learned, through sensitization, training and assignment of responsibilities that to take care of the environment we should commit to: separating the waste from the source, classifying them, keeping records and making the proper final disposition of them, for this we implement and disseminate our the “INTEGRAL WASTE MANAGEMENT” program, which with the commitment of its collaborators, suppliers and tourists, has been in operation since the year 2015.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF RESIDUES
• CANECA AND GREEN BAG:
Ordinary waste (napkins, plastic wrap, sweep, icopor and tetra pack) (A collection point was established in each job).
• CANECA AND BLUE BAG:
Organic waste after consumption. (A single collection point was established at headquarters).
• CANECA AND RED BAG:
Waste from biological irrigation (Only one collection point was established in the headquarters, bathroom).
• CANECA AND GRAY BAG: Cardboard, plastic, glass, paper, newspaper, folding, smooth and wrinkled cardboard, plastic bags, disposable cups, PET, plastic and glass containers as bottles; Everything must be stored clean and dry since it is the material that can be reused. (A collection point was established in each job).
WEIGHING OF WASTE:
1. Ordinary waste: Every job is collected daily, weighed and the record is kept. (They are not recyclable).
2. Organic waste: They are weighed daily and the record is kept (food remains).
3. Biological risk residues: They are weighed daily and the record is taken (bathrooms).
4. Recoverable waste: Every job is collected every day, the weighing is done weekly and the record is kept. (with proper handling they are reusable).
FINAL DISPOSAL OF WASTE:
The waste belonging to groups 1, 2 and 3 is delivered, weighed and separated directly to the shopping center where there is a person responsible for delivering the collectors and the recycler.
The waste of point 4 (REUSABLE) is delivered to an employee of the shopping center, this together with those generated by the other premises of the mall and always delivered to the same recycler (it has been authorized to always deliver to the same person).
HANDLING OF RAES (RESIDUES OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC APPLIANCES)
This type of waste does not have an identification bag.
The agency has delegated a responsible for the management of this waste, whose function is to collect and take to the point of dispensation of the company specialized in the handling of this type of waste.
Selected company: LITO S.A.S
The agency links with LITO to its POINTS LITO program, which allows points to be accumulated for the kilos delivered, and those points are redeemed in aid for different foundations nationwide.